Der Einfluss des Body-Mass-Index auf die Prognose bei Patienten mit Kolonkarzinom

Language
en
Document Type
Doctoral Thesis
Granting Institution
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Medizinische Fakultät
Issue Date
2024
Authors
Fuchs, Julian
Editor
Abstract

Abstract Background The impact of body mass index (BMI) on prognosis in patients with curatively resected stage I–III colon car- cinoma was analyzed. Methods The prospectively collected data of 694 patients who underwent complete mesocolic excision between 2003 and 2014 were analyzed. BMI was classified into four categories: underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2; n = 13), normal weight (BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2; n = 221), overweight (BMI 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2; n = 309), and obese (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2; n = 151). Univari- ate and multivariate analyses for comparison of prognosis were performed. Results The5-yearrateoflocoregionalrecurrenceinall694patientswas2.1%,andnodifferenceswerefoundwithrespectto BMI (p = 0.759). For distant metastasis, the 5-year rate for all patients was 13.4%, and BMI did not have a significant impact (p = 0.593). The 5-year rate of disease-free survival for all 694 patients was 72.4%. The differences with respect to BMI were not found to be significant in univariate analysis (p = 0.222). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, disease-free survival was significantly better in obese patients (HR 0.7; p = 0.034). Regarding overall survival, the 5-year rate for all patients was 78.1%. In univariate analyses, no significant differences were found for BMI (p = 0.094). In the Cox regression analysis, overweight and obese patients had significantly better survival (overweight: HR 0.7; p = 0.027; obese: HR 0.6; p = 0.019). Conclusion The better survival of overweight and obese patients in multivariate analyses must be interpreted with caution. It is influenced by several factors and seems to correspond to the phenomenon of the obesity paradox.

Citation

DOI: 10.1007/s00384-022-04146-2

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