Characteristics and Cost of Unscheduled Hospitalizations in Patients Treated with New Oral Anticancer Drugs in Germany: Evidence from the Randomized AMBORA Trial
Drug-related problems (e.g., adverse drug reactions, ADR) are serious safety issues in patients treated with oral anticancer therapeutics (OAT). The previously published randomized AMBORA trial showed that an intensified clinical pharmacological/pharmaceutical care program within the first 12 weeks of treatment reduces the number and severity of ADR as well as hospitalization rates in 202 patients. The present investigation focused on unscheduled hospitalizations detected within AMBORA and analyzed the characteristics (e.g., frequency, involved OAT) and cost of each hospital stay. To estimate the potential savings of an intensified care program in a larger group, the absolute risk for OAT-related hospitalizations was extrapolated to all insureds of a leading German statutory health insurance company (AOK Bayern). Within 12 weeks, 45 of 202 patients were hospitalized. 50% of all unscheduled hospital admissions were OAT-related (20 of 40) and occurred in 18 patients. The mean cost per inpatient stay was EUR 5873. The intensified AMBORA care program reduced the patients’ absolute risk for OAT-related hospitalization by 11.36%. If this care program would have been implemented in the AOK Bayern collective (3,862,017 insureds) it has the potential to reduce hospitalization rates and thereby cost by a maximum of EUR 4.745 million within 12 weeks after therapy initiation.