Microfluidics applications for high-throughput single cell sequencing

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2021-11-26
Issue Year
2021
Authors
Zhou, Wen-min
Yan, Yan-yan
Guo, Qiao-ru
Ji, Hong
Wang, Hui
Xu, Tian-tian
Makabel, Bolat
Pilarsky, Christian
He, Gen
Yu, Xi-yong
Editor
Abstract

The inherent heterogeneity of individual cells in cell populations plays significant roles in disease development and progression, which is critical for disease diagnosis and treatment. Substantial evidences show that the majority of traditional gene profiling methods mask the difference of individual cells. Single cell sequencing can provide data to characterize the inherent heterogeneity of individual cells, and reveal complex and rare cell populations. Different microfluidic technologies have emerged for single cell researches and become the frontiers and hot topics over the past decade. In this review article, we introduce the processes of single cell sequencing, and review the principles of microfluidics for single cell analysis. Also, we discuss the common high-throughput single cell sequencing technologies along with their advantages and disadvantages. Lastly, microfluidics applications in single cell sequencing technology for the diagnosis of cancers and immune system diseases are briefly illustrated.

Journal Title
Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Volume
19
Citation
Journal of Nanobiotechnology 19 (2021): 312. <https://jnanobiotechnology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12951-021-01045-6>
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