Intraductal Fragmentation in Sialolithiasis Using Pneumatic Lithotripsy: Initial Experience and Results
Objective To report initial experience in using a pneumatic lithotripter to treat salivary stones.
Study Design Level IV retrospective study.
Setting University hospital and tertiary referral center.
Methods A pneumatic lithotripter was used to treat salivary stones after these were diagnosed. Probes with diameters of 0.7 mm were used. Total fragmentation was intended in all stones. Stone fragments were removed using several instruments in serial sialendoscopies to achieve complete stone clearance.
Results A total of 62 patients with 77 stones were treated. Forty-three submandibular stones were treated in 34 patients, and 34 parotid stones were treated in 28 patients. An operating pressure of 2.5 bar and a single frequency mode were used. Complete fragmentation was achieved in all but one of the treated stones in both glands (98.7%). Among the patients, 90.32% became stone free and 100% symptom free. Multiple stones were treated in 24.19% of the patients, and multimodal therapy was also carried out in 24.19%. All of the glands were preserved.
Conclusions The pneumatic lithotripter proved to be effective in the treatment of sialolithiasis. Stone size, location, and the gland involved were important clinical factors. The device was sufficient to achieve success without any increased risk for complications in the patients or damage to the sialendoscopes.