Investigation on the Case-Hardening Behavior of Additively Manufactured 16MnCr5

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2020-05-06
First published
2020-04-21
Issue Year
2020
Authors
Bartels, Dominic
Klaffki, Julian
Pitz, Indra
Merklein, Carsten
Kostrewa, Florian
Schmidt, Michael
Editor
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, such as laser-based powder bed fusion of metals (PBF-LB/M), allow for the fabrication of complex parts due to their high freedom of design. PBF-LB/M is already used in several different industrial application fields, especially the automotive and aerospace industries. Nevertheless, the amount of materials being processed using AM technologies is relatively small compared to conventional manufacturing. Due to this, an extension of the material portfolio is necessary for fulfilling the demands of these industries. In this work, the AM of case-hardening steel 16MnCr5 using PBF-LB/M is investigated. In this context, the influences of different processing strategies on the final hardness of the material are studied. This includes, e.g., stress relief heat treatment and microstructure modification to increase the resulting grain size, thus ideally simplifying the carbon diffusion during case hardening. Furthermore, different heat treatment strategies (stress relief heat treatment and grain coarsening annealing) were applied to the as-built samples for modifying the microstructure and the effect on the final hardness of case-hardened specimens. The additively manufactured specimens are compared to conventionally fabricated samples after case hardening. Thus, an increase in both case-hardening depth and maximum hardness is observed for additively manufactured specimens, leading to superior mechanical properties.

Journal Title
Metals
Volume
10
Issue
4
Citation
Metals 10.4 (2020): 536. <https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4701/10/4/536/htm>
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