Plasma proteomic profiles differ between European and North American myotid bats colonized by Pseudogymnoascus destructans

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2020-12-29
First published
2020-06-07
Issue Year
2020
Authors
Hecht‐Höger, Alexander M.
Braun, Beate C.
Krause, Eberhard
Meschede, Angelika
Krahe, Rüdiger
Voigt, Christian C.
Greenwood, Alex D.
Czirják, Gábor Á.
Editor
Publisher
John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Abstract

Emerging fungal diseases have become challenges for wildlife health and conservation. North American hibernating bat species are threatened by the psychrophilic fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) causing the disease called white‐nose syndrome (WNS) with unprecedented mortality rates. The fungus is widespread in North America and Europe, however, disease is not manifested in European bats. Differences in epidemiology and pathology indicate an evolution of resistance or tolerance mechanisms towards Pd in European bats. We compared the proteomic profile of blood plasma in healthy and Pd‐colonized European Myotis myotis and North American Myotis lucifugus in order to identify pathophysiological changes associated with Pd colonization, which might also explain the differences in bat survival. Expression analyses of plasma proteins revealed differences in healthy and Pd‐colonized M. lucifugus, but not in M. myotis. We identified differentially expressed proteins for acute phase response, constitutive and adaptive immunity, oxidative stress defence, metabolism and structural proteins of exosomes and desmosomes, suggesting a systemic response against Pd in North American M. lucifugus but not European M. myotis. The differences in plasma proteomic profiles between European and North American bat species colonized by Pd suggest European bats have evolved tolerance mechanisms towards Pd infection.

Journal Title
Molecular Ecology
Volume
29
Issue
9
Citation

Molecular Ecology 29.9 (2020): S. 1745-1755. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/mec.15437

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