Effects of Conventional Uric Acid–Lowering Therapy on Monosodium Urate Crystal Deposits

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2020-10-01
First published
2019-12-27
Issue Year
2020
Authors
Ellmann, Hanna
Bayat, Sara
Araujo, Elizabeth
Manger, Bernhard
Kleyer, Arnd
Cavallaro, Alexander
Lell, Michael
Schenker, Hannah
Simon, David
Tascilar, Koray
Editor
Abstract

Objective Few studies have systematically and quantitatively addressed the impact of urate‐lowering therapy on monosodium urate (MSU) deposits. This study was undertaken to analyze the effect of lifestyle measures and conventional urate‐lowering therapy on MSU deposits in patients with gout.

Methods In this prospective study, subjects with gout according to the American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria and presence of MSU deposits seen on dual‐energy computed tomography (DECT) scans received either lifestyle intervention or conventional urate‐lowering therapy for a mean period of 18 months before a follow‐up DECT scan. Detected MSU deposits were quantified by volumetric measurement and validated by semiquantitative scoring, and baseline and follow‐up measurements were compared.

Results Baseline and follow‐up DECT scans were available for all 83 subjects. Six subjects discontinued treatment, and 77 subjects underwent a lifestyle intervention (n = 24) or were treated with allopurinol (n = 29), febuxostat (n = 22), or benzbromarone (n = 2) over the entire observation period. The mean serum uric acid (UA) level decreased from 7.2 to 5.8 mg/dl in the overall population. In patients who discontinued treatment, no change in MSU deposits or serum UA levels was observed. The burden of MSU deposits significantly decreased in patients undergoing lifestyle intervention (MSU volume P = 0.007; MSU score P = 0.001), and in patients treated with allopurinol (MSU volume and score P < 0.001) or febuxostat (MSU volume P < 0.001; MSU score P = 0.001). No significant decline in MSU deposits was noted in patients who discontinued treatment.

Conclusion These data show that lifestyle intervention and xanthine oxidase inhibitors significantly decrease the MSU deposit burden. Hence, conventional gout therapy not only lowers serum UA levels, but also reduces pathologic MSU deposits.

Journal Title
Arthritis & Rheumatology
Volume
72
Issue
1
Citation
Arthritis & Rheumatology 72.1 (2020): 150-156. <https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/art.41063>