Light sheet fluorescence microscopic imaging for high-resolution visualization of spray dynamics

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Berrocal, Edouard
Kristensson, Elias
Zigan, Lars

In this study, the use of light sheet fluorescence microscopic imaging is demonstrated for viewing the dynamic of atomizing sprays with high contrast and resolution. The technique presents several advantages. First, liquid fluorescence gives a more faithful representation of the structure of liquid bodies, droplets, and ligaments than Mie scattering does. The reason for this is that the signal is emitted by the fluorescing dye molecules inside the liquid itself and not generated at the air–liquid interfaces. Second, despite the short depth of field (∼200 µm) obtained when using the long range microscope, the contribution of out-of-focus light is much smaller on a light sheet configuration than for line-of-sight detection, thus providing more clearly sectioned images. Finally, by positioning the light sheet on the spray periphery, toward the camera objective, the effects due to multiple light scattering phenomena can be reduced to some extent. All these features provide, for many spray situations, good fidelity images of the liquid fluid, allowing the extraction of the velocity vectors at the liquid boundaries. Here, double frame images were recorded with a sCMOS camera with a time delay of 5 µs between exposures. A typical pressure-swirl atomizer is used producing a water hollow-cone spray, which was imaged in the near-nozzle region and further downstream for injection pressures between 20 bar and 100 bar. Furthermore, near-nozzle spray shape visualization of a direct-injection spark ignition injector was conducted, describing the disintegration of the liquid fuel and droplet formation. Such data are important for the validation of computational fluid dynamics models simulating liquid breakups in the near-field spray region.

Journal Title
International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics

International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics 10.1 (2018): 86 - 98.

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