Salivary gland carcinoma (SGC) with perineural spread and/or positive resection margin – high locoregional control rates after photon (chemo) radiotherapy - experience from a monocentric analysis

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2019-09-16
Issue Year
2019
Authors
Haderlein, Marlen
Scherl, Claudia
Semrau, Sabine
Lettmaier, Sebastian
Hecht, Markus
Putz, Florian
Iro, Heinrich
Agaimy, Abbas
Fietkau, Rainer
Editor
Abstract

Background

The aim was to evaluate the outcome, especially locoregional control of patients with locally advanced salivary gland carcinoma (SGC) with perineural spread (Pn1) and/or positive resection margins (R1/2) after postoperative photon (chemo) radiotherapy in a single centre.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed data of 65 patients with newly diagnosed locally advanced SGC without distant metastases who underwent radio (chemo) therapy in the department of radiation oncology of the university hospital of Erlangen from January 2000 until April 2017.

Kaplan Meier method was used to calculate survival and recurrence rates. In univariate analysis the log-rank test was used to correlate patient−/tumor- and treatment-related parameters to survival and recurrence rates.

Results

Median follow-up was 45 months (range: 6; 215).

After 1, 3, 5 years cumulative incidence of local and locoregional failure was 3.1, 7.0, 7.0% and 3.1, 9.7, 12.9%, whereas cumulative incidence of distant metastases (DM) was 15.6, 36.0, 44.0%. After 1,3, 5 years cumulative Overall (OS) and Disease-free survival (DFS) was 90.5, 74.9, 63.9% and 83.0, 54.8, 49.4%.

The only significant predictor for decreased local and locoregional control was a macroscopic resection margin(R2) (p = 0.002 and p = 0.04). High-grade histology (p = 0.006), lymph node metastases with extracapsular spread (p = 0.044) and an advanced T-stage (p = 0.031) were associated with an increased rate of DM. High-grade histology was the only factor predicting for a decreased DFS (p = 0.014).

Conclusion

Photon radiotherapy leads to high local and locoregional control rates in a high-risk patient population with SGC with microscopically positive resection margins and/or perineural spread. The most common site of disease recurrence was distant metastases. Therefore the real challenge for the future should be to prevent distant metastases.

Journal Title
Radiation Oncology
Volume
14
Citation
Radiation Oncology 14 (2019). <https://ro-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13014-019-1260-x>