Magnetite-Arginine Nanoparticles as a Multifunctional Biomedical Tool

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2020-12-29
First published
2020-10-13
Issue Year
2020
Authors
Reichel, Victoria E.
Matuszak, Jasmin
Bente, Klaas
Heil, Tobias
Kraupner, Alexander
Dutz, Silvio
Cicha, Iwona
Faivre, Damien
Editor
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract

Iron oxide nanoparticles are a promising platform for biomedical applications, both in terms of diagnostics and therapeutics. In addition, arginine-rich polypeptides are known to penetrate across cell membranes. Here, we thus introduce a system based on magnetite nanoparticles and the polypeptide poly-l-arginine (polyR-Fe3O4). We show that the hybrid nanoparticles exhibit a low cytotoxicity that is comparable to Resovist®, a commercially available drug. PolyR-Fe3O4 particles perform very well in diagnostic applications, such as magnetic particle imaging (1.7 and 1.35 higher signal respectively for the 3rd and 11th harmonic when compared to Resovist®), or as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (R2/R1 ratio of 17 as compared to 11 at 0.94 T for Resovist®). Moreover, these novel particles can also be used for therapeutic purposes such as hyperthermia, achieving a specific heating power ratio of 208 W/g as compared to 83 W/g for Feridex®, another commercially available product. Therefore, we envision such materials to play a role in the future theranostic applications, where the arginine ability to deliver cargo into the cell can be coupled to the magnetite imaging properties and cancer fighting activity.

Journal Title
Nanomaterials
Volume
10
Issue
10
Citation

Nanomaterials 10.10 (2020). https://www.mdpi.com/2079-4991/10/10/2014

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