Development of limited-view tomography for measurement of Spray G plume direction and liquid volume fraction

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2023-05-24
First published
2020-02-01
Issue Year
2020
Authors
Weiss, Lukas
Wensing, Michael
Hwang, Joonsik
Pickett, Lyle M.
Skeen, Scott A.
Editor
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Abstract

Abstract The method for direct injection of fuel in the cylinder of an IC engines is important to high-efficiency and low-emission performance. Optical spray diagnostics plays an important role in understanding plume movement and interaction for multi-hole injectors, and providing baseline understanding used for computational optimization of fuel delivery. Traditional planar or line-of-sight diagnostics fail to capture the liquid distribution because of optical thickness concerns. This work proposes a high-speed (67 kHz) extinction imaging technique at various injector rotations coupled to computed tomography (CT) for time-resolved reconstruction of liquid volume fraction in three dimensions. The number of views selected and processing were based on synthetic (modeled) liquid volume fraction data where extinction and CT adequately reconstructed each plume. The exercise showed that for an 8-hole, symmetric-design injector (ECN Spray G), only three different views are enough to reproduce the direction of each plume, and particularly the mean plume direction. Therefore, the number of views was minimized for experiments to save expense. Measurements applying this limited-view technique confirm plume–plume variations also detected with mechanical patternation, while providing better spatial and temporal resolution than achieved previously. Uncertainties due to the limited view within pressurized spray chambers, the droplet size, and optically thick regions are discussed.

      Graphic abstract
Journal Title
Experiments in Fluids
Volume
61
Issue
2
Citation
Experiments in Fluids 61.2 (2020): 51. <https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00348-020-2885-0>
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