Peak Troponin I Levels Are Associated with Functional Outcome in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2020-01-15
First published
2018-08-23
Issue Year
2018
Authors
Gerner, Stefan T.
Auerbeck, Katrin
Sprügel, Maximilian I.
Sembill, Jochen A.
Madžar, Dominik 
Gölitz, Philipp
Hoelter, Philip
Kuramatsu, Joji B.
Schwab, Stefan
Huttner, Hagen B.
Editor
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Abstract

Background: Troponin I is a widely used and reliable marker of myocardial damage and its levels are routinely measured in acute stroke care. So far, the influence of troponin I elevations during hospital stay on functional outcome in patients with atraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is unknown. Methods: Observational single-center study including conservatively treated ICH patients over a 9-year period. Patients were categorized according to peak troponin I level during hospital stay (≤0.040, 0.041–0.500, > 0.500 ng/mL) and compared regarding baseline and hematoma characteristics. Multivariable analyses were performed to investigate independent associations of troponin levels during hospital stay with functional outcome – assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS; favorable 0–3/unfavorable 4–6) – and mortality after 3 and 12 months. To account for possible confounding propensity score (PS)-matching (1: 1; caliper 0.1) was performed accounting for imbalances in baseline characteristics to investigate the impact of troponin I values on outcome. Results: Troponin elevations (> 0.040 ng/mL) during hospital stay were observed in 308 out of 745 (41.3%) patients and associated with poorer status on admission (Glasgow Coma Scale/National Institute of Health Stroke Scale). Multivariable analysis revealed troponin I levels during hospital stay to be independently associated with unfavorable outcome after 12 months (risk ratio [95% CI]: 1.030 [1.009–1.051] per increment of 1.0 ng/mL; p = 0.005), but not with mortality. After PS-matching, patients with troponin I elevation (≥0.040 ng/mL) versus those without had a significant higher rate of ­unfavorable outcome after 3 and 12 months (mRS 4–6 at 3 months: < 0.04 ng/mL: 159/265 [60.0%] versus ≥0.04 ng/mL: 199/266 [74.8%]; p < 0.001; at 12 months: < 0.04 ng/mL: 141/248 [56.9%] versus ≥0.04 ng/mL: 179/251 [71.3%]; p = 0.001). Conclusions: Troponin I elevations during hospital stay occur frequently in ICH patients and are independently associated with functional outcome after 3 and 12 months but not with mortality.

Journal Title
Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume
46
Issue
1-2
Citation
Cerebrovascular Diseases 46.1/2 (2018): S. 72-81. <https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492395> © 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel
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