Patch test results with the European baseline series, 2019/20—Joint European results of the ESSCA and the EBS working groups of the ESCD, and the GEIDAC

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2022-10-25
First published
2022-09-06
Issue Year
2022
Authors
Uter, Wolfgang
Wilkinson, S. Mark
Aerts, Olivier
Bauer, Andrea
Borrego, Leopoldo
Brans, Richard
Buhl, Timo
Dickel, Heinrich
Dugonik, Aleksandra
Filon, Francesca Larese
Editor
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Abstract

Abstract

Background Continual analyses of patch test results with the European baseline series (EBS) serve both contact allergy surveillance and auditing the value of included allergens.

Objectives To present results of current EBS patch testing, obtained in 53 departments in 13 European countries during 2019 and 2020.

Methods Anonymised or pseudonymised individual data and partly aggregated data on demographic/clinical characteristics and patch test rest results with the EBS were prospectively collected and centrally pooled and analysed.

Results In 2019 and 2020, 22 581 patients were patch tested with the EBS. Sensitization to nickel remained most common (19.8 [19.2–20.4]% positivity [95% confidence interval]). Fragrance mix I and Myroxylon pereirae yielded very similar results with 6.80 (6.43–7.19)% and 6.62 (6.25–7.00)% positivity, respectively. Formaldehyde at 2% aq. yielded almost one percentage point more positive reactions than 1% concentration (2.49 [2.16–2.85]% vs. 1.59 [1.33–1.88]); methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) and MI alone up to around 5% positives. Among the new additions, propolis was most commonly positive (3.48 [3.16–3.82]%), followed by 2‐hydroxyethyl methacrylate (2.32 [2.0–2.68]%).

Conclusion Ongoing surveillance on the prevalence of contact sensitization contributes to an up‐to‐date baseline series containing the most frequent and/or relevant contact sensitizers for routine patch testing in Europe.

Journal Title
Contact Dermatitis
Volume
87
Issue
4
Citation
Contact Dermatitis 87.4 (2022): 343-355. <https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cod.14170>
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