Outcomes addressed in randomized controlled lifestyle intervention trials in community‐dwelling older people with (sarcopenic) obesity—An evidence map

dc.contributor.authorGalicia Ernst, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorTorbahn, Gabriel
dc.contributor.authorSchwingshackl, Lukas
dc.contributor.authorKnüttel, Helge
dc.contributor.authorKob, Robert
dc.contributor.authorKemmler, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.authorSieber, Cornel C.
dc.contributor.authorBatsis, John A.
dc.contributor.authorVillareal, Dennis T.
dc.contributor.authorStroebele‐Benschop, Nanette
dc.contributor.authorVisser, Marjolein
dc.contributor.authorVolkert, Dorothee
dc.contributor.authorKiesswetter, Eva
dc.contributor.authorSchoene, Daniel
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-25
dc.date.available2023-10-09T18:43:57Z
dc.date.created2022
dc.date.issued2022-11-25
dc.description.abstractSummary Obesity and sarcopenic obesity (SO) are characterized by excess body fat with or without low muscle mass affecting bio‐psycho‐social health, functioning, and subsequently quality of life in older adults. We mapped outcomes addressed in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on lifestyle interventions in community‐dwelling older people with (sarcopenic) obesity. Systematic searches in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Web of Science were conducted. Two reviewers independently performed screening and extracted data on outcomes, outcome domains, assessment methods, units, and measurement time. A bubble chart and heat maps were generated to visually display results. Fifty‐four RCTs (7 in SO) reporting 464 outcomes in the outcome domains: physical function (n = 42), body composition/anthropometry (n = 120), biomarkers (n = 190), physiological (n = 30), psychological (n = 47), quality of life (n = 14), pain (n = 4), sleep (n = 2), medications (n = 3), and risk of adverse health events (n = 5) were included. Heterogeneity in terms of outcome definition, assessment methods, measurement units, and measurement times was found. Psychological and quality of life domains were investigated in a minority of studies. There is almost no information beyond 52 weeks. This evidence map is the first step of a harmonization process to improve comparability of RCTs in older people with (sarcopenic) obesity and facilitate the derivation of evidence‐based clinical decisions.en
dc.identifier.citationObesity Reviews 23.10 (2022): e13497. <https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/obr.13497>
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13497
dc.identifier.opus-id20962
dc.identifier.urihttps://open.fau.de/handle/openfau/20962
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:bvb:29-opus4-209621
dc.language.isoen
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.de
dc.subjectaged
dc.subjectevidence map
dc.subjectlifestyle interventions
dc.subjectobesity
dc.subject.ddcDDC Classification::6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften :: 61 Medizin und Gesundheit :: 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
dc.titleOutcomes addressed in randomized controlled lifestyle intervention trials in community‐dwelling older people with (sarcopenic) obesity—An evidence mapen
dc.typearticle
dcterms.publisherFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU)
local.date.prevpublished2022-09-12
local.document.articlenumbere13497
local.journal.issue10
local.journal.titleObesity Reviews
local.journal.volume23
local.sendToDnbfree*
local.subject.fakultaetMedizinische Fakultät
local.subject.importimport
local.subject.sammlungUniversität Erlangen-Nürnberg / Eingespielte Open Access Artikel / Eingespielte Open Access Artikel 2022
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