Comprehensive Analysis Identifies Ameloblastin-Related Competitive Endogenous RNA as a Prognostic Biomarker for Testicular Germ Cell Tumour

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Geng, Tianxiang
Heyward, Catherine Anne
Chen, Xi
Zheng, Mengxue
Yang, Yang
Reseland, Janne Elin

Simple Summary Testicular germ cell tumour is a common tumour in young males, and although it is one of the most curable cancers, many patients still experience recurrence after the chemotherapy. Tumour recurrence is not detected with high sensitivity by established blood tumour markers. Ameloblastin is identified as an extracellular matrix protein and has shown to be associated with tumour progression. We validated ameloblastin’s expression in testicular tissue, and used comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of 156 patients with testicular germ cell tumour to show that the level of ameloblastin was associated with the time of tumour recurrence after the first cure. In the analysis of ameloblastin differential genes in the tumour, a ceRNA (competing endogenous RNA) regulatory network associated with tumour diagnosis and an independent prognostic factor for the tumour, PELATON (Plaque Enriched LncRNA In Atherosclerotic And Inflammatory Bowel Macrophage Regulation), were identified, which could provide evidence for prediction of tumour prognosis.

      Testicular Germ Cell Tumour (TGCT) is one of the most common tumours in young men. Increasing evidence shows that the extracellular matrix has a key role in the prognosis and metastasis of various human cancers. This study analysed the relationship between the matrix protein ameloblastin (AMBN) and potential biological markers associated with TGCT diagnosis and prognosis. The relationship between AMBN and TGCT prognosis was determined by bioinformatic analysis using the expression profiles of three RNAs (long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and available clinical information of the corresponding patients. Prediction and validation of competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory networks related to AMBN was performed. AMBN and its associated ceRNA regulatory network were found to be related to the recurrence of TGCT, and LINC02701 may be used as a diagnostic factor in TGCT. Furthermore, we identified PELATON (Plaque Enriched LncRNA In Atherosclerotic And Inflammatory Bowel Macrophage Regulation) as an independent prognostic factor for TGCT progression-free interval.
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Cancers 14.8 (2022): 1870.

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