Multidisciplinary Late Effects Clinics for Childhood Cancer Survivors in Germany - a Two-Center Study
Background: Childhood cancer survivors are at risk for therapy-related sequelae and, therefore, require long-term follow-up. At 2 university hospitals in Germany collaborative multidisciplinary late effects clinics were installed to provide specialized care and to evaluate the current health status of these patients in a clinical setting. Patients andMethods: Every patient who visited the late effects clinics at the university hospital in Lübeck and Erlangen over a period of 3 years and met the inclusion criteria was included in the study. Patients' characteristics as well as cancer diagnosis, treatment related factors and the prevalence of chronic health conditions were assessed. Results: 220 patients attended the late effects clinics during the observation period. The median follow-up period was 16 years (range 5-45 years). In total over 64% of the patients were affected by at least 1 chronic health condition, including endocrine disruptions in 19.1% of the patients. Moreover, secondary neoplasms occurred in 9.1% of the study participants. Conclusion: German childhood cancer survivors are affected by multiple therapy-related sequelae. A comprehensive network of late effects clinics should be established to ensure specialized and risk-adapted care for every childhood cancer survivor in Germany.