Stochastic Dynamic Analysis of Cultural Heritage Towers up to Collapse

Language
en
Document Type
Article
Issue Date
2021-08-02
First published
2021-07-07
Issue Year
2021
Authors
Kouris, Emmanouil-Georgios S.
Kouris, Leonidas-Alexandros S.
Konstantinidis, Avraam A.
Kourkoulis, Stavros K.
Karayannis, Chris G.
Aifantis, Elias C.
Editor
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract

This paper deals with the seismic vulnerability of monumental unreinforced masonry (URM) towers, the fragility of which has not yet been sufficiently studied. Thus, the present paper fills this gap by developing models to investigate the seismic response of URM towers up to collapse. On mount Athos, Greece, there exist more than a hundred medieval towers, having served mainly as campaniles or fortifications. Eight representative towers were selected for a thorough investigation to estimate their seismic response characteristics. Their history and architectural features are initially discussed and a two-step analysis follows: (i) limit analysis is performed to estimate the collapse mechanism and the locations of critical cracks, (ii) non-linear explicit dynamic analyses are then carried out, developing finite element (FE) simulations, with cracks modelled as interfacial surfaces to derive the capacity curves. A meaningful definition of the damage states is proposed based on the characteristics of their capacity curves, with the ultimate limit state related to collapse. The onset of slight damage-state is characterised by the formation and development of cracks responsible for the collapse mechanism of the structure. Apart from these two, another two additional limit states are also specified: the moderate damage-state and the extensive one. Fragility and vulnerability curves are finally generated which can help the assessment and preservation of cultural heritage URM towers.

Journal Title
Buildings
Volume
11
Issue
7
Citation

Buildings 11.7 (2021): 296. https://www.mdpi.com/2075-5309/11/7/296

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